The coronavirus outbreak was reported on December 31, 2019, when China notified the World Health Organization of a group of unexplained pneumonia cases in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and then spread to other Chinese provinces and public places. The WHO declared it plague.
The virus is known as SARS-CoV-2, and the disease is now called COVID-19.
COVID-19 influences every human in a unique way. Most people will be mildly affected and recover without going to the hospital. COVID-19 is very closely related to the common cold. Some of the most common symptoms of coronavirus are:
- Dry cough
Lesser known symptoms of coronavirus are:
- Sore throat
- Body pain
- Skin rash
- Skin discolouration
- Losing the sense of smell
- Losing the sense of taste
- Sleep disruption
- Anxiety and depression
- Brain strokes
- Nerve damage
- Neurological disorders
Severe symptoms Include:-
- Pain in the chest
- High temperature
- Difficulty to breathe
- Losing appetite
How to protect ourselves from coronavirus(covid-19) :
1.Wear a mask:-
People from the age of two years and older should wear a mask while going in public. One should also maintain a distance of at least a meter from the other person. Some basic rules should be followed while wearing a mask:
- You should wash and clean your hands before putting on a mask with either soup or hand sanitiser.
- Your nose, mouth, and chin should be covered with a mask.
- After removing the mask, it should be kept in a clean plastic bag either wash it if it’s a cloth mask or disposes of it if it’s a medical mask.
- Avoid using masks with valves.
- The mask should be of good quality and fit you properly.
- The most important rule is that you should be able to breathe properly.
- Cover your mouth while sneezing and coughing.
2. Wash and clean:-
Keep your hands clean using a soap or an alcohol-based hand sanitiser especially after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nostril. You should maintain this basic cleanliness after touching anything if you are going outside. It is important to wash our hands before and after:-
- Eating or cooking
- Changing a diaper
- Going to the washroom
- Going to a public place
- Coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nostril
- While taking care of a sick or elderly person
- While touching pets
- Touching your face
3. Follow social distancing:-
Firstly, and most importantly one should avoid going to crowded or poorly ventilated places and try to stay at home as much as possible. Secondly, if going out is unavoidable then a person should keep a distance of at least 2 meters from the other person. Special precautions to be taken if a person around you seems to be sick, coughs, or sneezes. Even longer distance to be maintained if you are inside with other people.
By keeping at least a 1-meter distance from others, you can reduce the risk of infection from people who cough and sneeze. Maintain even more distance between yourself and the family members inside the house. The further away, the better. Outdoor meetings and gatherings are recommended instead of indoor meetings.
4. Keep a watch:-
In case you are not infected and going out, to the office or to run errands then it’s very important to watch out for symptoms in other people and protect yourself. Always remember you can get infected by people who are not yet showing any symptoms. People should maintain a distance from people who are at higher risk of getting infected like infants, toddlers, elderly people, and sick people. Avoid touching your mouth, eyes, and nose without cleaning your hands.
5. Eat healthy:-
A healthy body is at a lower risk of getting infected. Eating healthy and avoiding junk food is one thing but in a scenario like this, a person should maintain a healthy regime so that the body works better. Drinking warm water frequently is recommended. Keep your kitchen clean and hygienic, before cooking and disinfect the surfaces you are sitting and working on. Eat a balanced meal with all the required vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, and fiber that your body needs to build stronger immunity.
6. Mental health:-
Not only physical health but mental health is equally important. In this scenario, where people are constantly in self-isolation and quarantined it is very important to keep yourself mentally strong. Keeping yourself busy in household work or learning a new skill can be very helpful. If you are feeling anxious or depressed, a call for help is a good thing and not to be ashamed of. Seek knowledge and Don’t get carried away with rumours. Always be informed of the surroundings and help others who are going through the same phase. It could be a stressful time but that does not mean that you should indulge in unhealthy practices like drinking alcohol and smoking to deal with it.
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7. Health monitoring:-
If you have been working outside or travelling a lot, then you should monitor your health and look out for any symptoms. You should check your temperature after 30 minutes of taking any medicine or exercising. Keep a check Especially if you are in the health care industry or taking care of somebody who is sick.
8. Get vaccinated:-
In many countries all around the world, people are getting vaccinated which completely safe and in most cases free. You should get vaccinated so that you could do some things which couldn’t do because of the pandemic. You could easily get vaccinated by contacting your local health care provider.